Encephalopathy, hypoglycemic, occurs due to very low levels of blood glucose in the body, i.e. below 50mg/dl. It is a metabolic encephalopathy and acute brain dysfunction that mostly occurs in diabetic patients. Encephalopathy is a disease that commonly affects the functioning of the brain. Various symptoms such as confusion, lags in response, variation in physical activity, and mental and behavioral disorders indicate that the person is suffering from this disease. The symptoms occur suddenly. It also results in drowsiness, coma, and lethargy.
1. If hypoglycemic encephalopathy is mild, then it can be known by factors such as recurrent paroxysmal sweating, pale complexion, and syncope.
2. Patients with moderate hypoglycemia may face hunger, weakness, easy excitement, sweating, heart palpitations, and sympathetic excitement such as anxiety and tremor.
3. As this disease develops, the patients with hypoglycemic encephalopathy show symptoms such as hemiplegia, hemianopsia, and aphasia, i.e. focal neurological symptoms.
4. If this lasts for a long duration, then hyperactivity, sucking, strong reflux, increased muscle tone, myoclonia, myotonia, stiffness, and brain cortex.
5. Even though pathological changes of encephalopathy hypoglycemic, they are extensive denaturation and necrosis of the neurons due to lack of energy which is accompanied by infiltrating glial cells.
6. Type 1 diabetes mellitus patient, hypoglycemic is affected by the reduction of sympathoadrenal responses that causes hypoglycemia unawareness.
7. In type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, hypoglycemia is due to hypoglycemic agent overdose.
8. Neurological-related risk factors include memory loss, motor function deficits, a persistent vegetative state, and a deep coma, and can even lead to death.
Slowness of response,Disorientation