FXS cannot be cured. Treatment is aimed at helping people with the condition learn key language and social skills. This may involve receiving extra help from teachers, therapists, family members, doctors, and coaches.
There may be services and other resources available in your community to help children learn important skills for proper development. If you’re in the United States, you can contact the National Fragile X Foundation at 800-688-8765 for more information regarding specialized therapy and educational plans.
Medications that are typically prescribed for behavior disorders, like attention deficit disorder (ADD) or anxiety, may be prescribed to treat the symptoms of FXS. Medications include:
- methylphenidate (Ritalin)
- guanfacine (Intuniv)
- clonidine (Catapres)
- selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), such as sertraline (Zoloft), escitalopram (Lexapro), duloxetine (Cymbalta), and paroxetine (Pail, Pexeva)