Infantile respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS) is a condition that affects newborn babies. It's caused by immature lungs and can be life-threatening if not treated immediately.
Infants with IRDS have difficulty breathing and may develop bluish skin coloration, which can be seen especially around the mouth and lips. Babies with IRDS may also have trouble feeding, may vomit or cough up mucus, or may have difficulty maintaining body temperature.
The cause of IRDS is unclear but research suggests that it's either an underlying problem in the lungs or immune system response to an infection in the mother during pregnancy.
Here are the 4 risk factors of infantile respiratory distress syndrome:
1. Premature birth: A premature birth is when a baby is born earlier than 37 weeks of pregnancy. This can happen if there are problems with the placenta or with the baby's lungs.
2. Infection, such as a lung infection or pneumonia: These infections can happen in babies who have been born prematurely, but they can also happen to full-term babies with other conditions like CF (cystic fibrosis), asthma, and allergies.
3. Problems with the lungs, such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), which is a chronic lung disease that happens in many babies who were born too early and who were treated with oxygen therapy after birth.
4. Complications from prematurity, such as heart failure or respiratory distress syndrome (RDS).
Infants with IRDS will have blue lips or skin,They may have trouble taking in enough oxygen, which can make them tired, sleepy, and weak,Their skin will feel cold to the touch
Prematurity,Birth asphyxia,Rh incompatibility,Maternal myocardial infarction during pregnancy or delivery,Pneumonia