Torticollis is a medical condition that causes your neck muscles to become tight and shortened. It can be caused by several different things, including whiplash, trauma to the head or neck, cerebral palsy, or other conditions.
Torticollis can cause pain in your neck, shoulder, and upper back. The pain can be severe enough that it interferes with your ability to sleep or work. The muscle spasms in torticollis may cause one side of your face to droop, giving you a crooked smile or asymmetrical eyes. In severe cases, torticollis can cause difficulty breathing or swallowing due to compression of nerves in the neck.
The four risk factors of torticollis are:
1. Sitting in a car seat with the head turned to one side for long periods of time
2. Prolonged positioning on one side during sleep
3. Hypermobility of the first ribs (the ribs closest to the head)
4. Congenital anomalies, such as spinal stenosis or Klippel–Feil syndrome
Head pain,Neck pain,Pain that travels down the arm on the same side as the twisted neck,Difficulty swallowing, speaking, or breathing,Dizziness,Blurred vision
Birth trauma,Torticollis caused by trauma to the neck,Torticollis caused by inflammation of the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM) or its tendon or bursa,Torticollis caused by inflammation of the cervical muscles,Torticollis caused by a tumor in the neck,Torticollis caused by an injury to the spinal cord
Cervical traction,Physical therapy,Surgery