Hyperaldosteronism without hypertension is also named Bartter's syndrome. In Hyperaldosteronism, adrenal glands produce much aldosterone. This results in a lowering of potassium levels in the blood, i.e. hypokalemia, and increases hydrogen ion excretion, i.e. alkalosis.
1. In this condition, certain kidney cells are enlarged, the blood becomes more alkaline than in the normal condition, and potassium and chloride levels become high in the urine.
2. Kidneys suffer from loss of potassium, i.e. renal potassium wasting, Dehydration occur, Weakness and cramps in muscle are experienced, frequent urination, deficiency of growth (dwarfism), hypernatraemia, hypomagnesemia, intermittent or temporary paralysis, numbness, polyuria, polydipsia, tingling blurry vision, vertigo.
3. The blood pressure level increases from moderate to severe, and medication for the same becomes difficult. Patients with high blood pressure generally do not have any symptoms but may experience headaches, dizziness, vision problems, chest pain, and shortness of breath.
4. In hyperaldosteronism, potassium level reduces in the blood. Patients may experience fatigue, increased thirst, and palpitations. Hyperaldosteronism may be primary or secondary.
5. Primary hyperaldosteronism is known as Conn's syndrome. There is a problem with one or both adrenal glands. In some people, this is by birth, and in some cases, it may be due to adrenocortical cancer, a benign tumor on one adrenal gland, or glucocorticoid that is in families.
6. In secondary hyperaldosteronism, there is something outside the adrenal glands because of reduced blood flow to the kidneys that includes blockage or narrowing of the renal artery, chronic liver disease, heart failure, and diuretic medications.
Chest pain or discomfort,Muscle Weakness or cramps,Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea,Confusion and Irritability
Primary hyperaldosteronism,Adrenal adenoma,Adrenal carcinoma,Secondary hyperaldosteronism